BUILDING ACCOUNTABILITY INTO INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADVISING
(Conference & Working Group)
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
Workshop on Building Accountability into International Development Advising
In an Age of Diffused Governance
September 21-24, 2003
Polonia House Conference Center in Pultusk, Poland
Current and Former Officials
Stephen Gelb, former economic adviser to the Office of the President and government departments, South Africa
Dipak Gyawali, Minister of Water Resources, Nepal
D.S. Mishra, former head, Kanpur Development Authority, India
Tom HuTao, Chief Economist, Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy (PRCEE), State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), China
Central and Eastern Europe:
Grazyna Gesicka, former deputy minister, Ministry of Labor and Social Policy; deputy head, Polish Agency for Enterprise Development, Poland
Belma A. Ejupovic, deputy coordinator, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Alina Barbara Hussein, advisor to the President of the Supreme Chamber of Control (Najwyższa Izba Kontroli), Poland
Former Soviet Union:
Alexandra Slobodova, Head of the Unit, Department for Foreign Exchange Regulation and Control, Central Bank of the Russian Federation
Natalia Lakiza-Sachuk, project director and principal consultant, National Institute for Strategic Studies, Administration of the President, Ukraine
Gonzalo Rivas, former vice president of CORFO, Economic Development Agency, Chile
Ibrahim Fawzy, former Minister of Industry and Mineral Wealth, Egypt
Lloyd (Jeff) Dumas, professor of political economy and economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Texas (Dallas)
Janine R. Wedel, associate professor, School of Public Policy, George Mason University
Sylvette Cormeraie, senior research fellow, School of Social Sciences, University of Sussex
Yves Dezalay, professor, Maison des Sciences de L’homme, C.N.R.S.
Bryant Garth, director of the American Bar Foundation and distinguished scholar, Institute for Legal Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison Law School
John Harper, senior research fellow in cross-cultural organization, University of Sussex
Manuel (Butch) Montes, economist and program officer, Ford Foundation
BIOGRAPHIES OF PARTICIPANTS
Current and Former Officials
Stephen Gelb is executive director of The EDGE Institute, an independent non-profit economic policy research centre in Johannesburg, South Africa. Since 1994, he has advised a number of South African government departments and agencies, including the Office of the President, the National Treasury, the Department of Trade & Industry, the National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC), and the statutory tripartite body for government, business and labour interaction. He has taught at York University (Canada), the New School for Social Research (USA), and the Universities of Durban-Westville, Natal, and the Witwatersrand in South Africa. From 1997 to 2001,he worked at the Development Bank of Southern Africa. He was research co-ordinator for the South African government team on the NEPAD process between November 2000 and July 2001 and subsequently a consultant to the NEPAD Secretariat.
Gelb is an economist with more than 20 years experience in South African economic policy issues and a widely published writer on the South African economy. He studied economics in Cape Town and Canada and was an activist in the Canadian anti-apartheid movement between 1976 and 1984. Returning to South Africa in 1984, he advised the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), the South African Council of Churches, and the United Democratic Front (UDF) on economic policy issues. He assisted the ANC in its economic policy formulation processes between 1990 and 1994.
Dipak Gyawali is currently Pragya (Academician) of the Royal Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (RONAST) and co-editor of the biannual interdisciplinary journal Water Nepal. As His Majesty's Minister of Water Resources from November 2002 to May 2003, he initiated reforms in the electricity and irrigation sub-sectors focused on decentralization and the promotion of rural voices in governance. He served as a government engineer from 1979 to 1987 in assignments ranging from urban and rural power supply projects to an official investigation commission on foreign-aided engineering projects. After the democratic changes in Nepal in 1990, the new government asked him to help define a hydropower and energy development policy.
Gyawali has been a member of the International Advisory Board of Battelle Pacific Northwest National Lab (USA) for its Human Choice and Climate Change study, a trustee of the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (KMTNC), and a member of the International Research Committee of the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) in Colombo. Has been a visiting scholar at Queen Elizabeth House in Oxford University, the Norwegian Center for Research in Organization and Management, and the International Environmental Academy in Geneva. He served as chairman of the research group Institute for Social and Environmental Transition, Nepal, and in the mid-1990s, assumed a five-year term as chairman of Swabalamban, a grassroots voluntary NGO dedicated to poverty alleviation in rural Nepal. By profession, Gyawali is a hydroelectric power engineer (Moskovsky Energetichesky Institute, USSR) as well as a political economist working on resource use (University of California, Berkeley). He has been studying foreign aid and development for almost 25 years and, in a forthcoming book on the subject, examines the cultural theory of corruption.
Tom Hutao is chief economist at the Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy (PRCEE) at the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA). Prior to this appointment, he was a senior fellow in the same organization and a visiting professor in the department of political science and environmental studies program at the University of Oregon in Eugene. His areas of specialization include environmental policies and management, environmental and natural resources economics, trade and environmental issues, rural environment and sustainable agriculture, and globalization and climate change issues. A prolific writer, HuTao has invested his career working for a wide range of organizations in the domestic, bilateral, and international arenas. In China, his most recent work includes preparations for the PRC/GEF Partnership on Biodiversity, technical support for the China New Round WTO Negotiation Delegation, and research for a strategy study on China=s environmental management. His bilateral work has impacted organizations in Canada, Germany, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States and covers such areas as the European Union's national capacity self-assessment on biodiversity and environmental impact assessment regulations and emission trading policy. Internationally, he has served as a consultant and adviser to numerous organizations, including the World Bank/NPEA, GEF/UNDP, and ADB/SETC.
HuTao has an academic background in nuclear physics. He earned his bachelor of science in agriculture ecology from Zinjiang Agricultural University; his master of science in agriculture economics from the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences; and his Ph.D. in ecological economics from the Graduate School and Research Centre for Ecology and Environment of the Chinese Academy of Science.
D.S. Mishra currently serves in the Indian central government as director in the Ministry of Home Affairs (Internal Security). There he oversees the personnel and deployment issues of more than half a million members of the Central Paramilitary Forces. Previously he worked in senior positions in the largest Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which ranks seventh in the world in population. He has been collector and district magistrate of Sonbhadra, a highly industrialized district inhabited by a poor and marginalized tribal population, and of Agra, which has three world heritage monuments including the Taj Mahal. As chief executive of the Kanpur Urban Development Authority, Mishra managed infrastructure development in a city of more than four million people. As special secretary in the Department of Tourism, Sports, and Civil Aviation and secretary in the Department of Medicine and Health in the state government, he oversaw two major externally funded projects -- a $40 million OECF-funded Infrastructure Development Project of the Buddhist Circuit in U.P. and a $100 million World Bank-funded U.P. Health Systems Development Project. These assignments involved supervision of national and international consultants and consulting firms. Mishra's major contributions in the government relate to reducing corruption and introducing efficiency to public office through systemic reforms and bold initiatives to improve the performance of organizations through skillful management of financial, human, and technical resources.
Before joining the premier Indian Administrative Service in 1984, Mishra obtained a degree in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur. He completed a post-graduate diploma in management with a specialization in human resource management from the All India Management Association, New Delhi (India) in 1994 and an MBA in international business from the University of Western Sydney, Macarthur (Australia) in 2000. He has published a number of papers and four books or manuals related to his administrative experience in the government.
Central and Eastern Europe:
Belma A. Ejupovic is deputy coordinator in the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia-Herzegovina. In that capacity, she coordinates consultations with the donor community, members of parliaments, the academic community, NGOs, and youth, and serves as a member of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Drafting Committee. Ejupovic also has been an adviser to the United Nations Development Program, where she is a member of the advisory board working on the Bosnia-Herzegovina Youth Report 2003, as well as an adviser for economic, human rights, and poverty issues of youth. Previously, she was an international consultant working with the Government of Montenegro and the PRSP to develop a general action plan for the PRSP process in Montenegro.
With degrees in political and biological sciences and in democracy and human rights, Ejupovic's development training is extensive and includes seminars focused on poverty assessment, capacity building, and impact evaluation.
Grazyna Gesicka is deputy head of the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development, working in human resource development. Previously, she served as deputy minister in the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, in the Ministry's Cooperation Fund, and in the Polish Foundation for the Promotion and Development of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. From 1990 to 1997 Gesicka was an adviser to the European Union, the World Bank, the Polish government, the parliament, and local and regional governments on issues of local and regional development.
A sociologist by training, Gesicka has served as a professor in the Institute of Sociology at Warsaw University. She has published a dozen books and more than 30 articles dealing with large social groups and social movements.
Alina Barbara Hussein, advisor to the President of the Supreme Chamber of Control (Najwyższa Izba Kontroli), Poland
Former Soviet Union:
Natalia Lakiza-Sachuk is project director and principal consultant at the National Institute for Strategic Studies (NISS) with the Administration of the President of Ukraine. She has worked for two Ukrainian presidents, Kravchuk and Kuchma (1992-2002), at NISS -- the think tank institution associated with the presidential administration. She also serves as a vice-president of the Civic Center for Anti-Crisis Studies (1999-2003). Prior to that, Lakiza-Sachuk was a senior researcher in the Institute of Economics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1973-1992). She is the author of more than 150 articles, monographs and reports dealing with social, economic and demographic transformations in transition countries (the main focus being on Ukraine), nonmilitary aspects of national and regional security, ethnic relations, problems of migration and human trafficking, socio-economic and demographic policy, health care reform, and women's issues.
Lakiza-Sachuk graduated from Kiev Economic University (Ukraine) and received her Ph.D. in economics from Moscow Statistical-Economic University (Russia). She also completed professional training on contemporary issues, democratization and civil society building, economic reforms and nonproliferation policy at New York University, Georgetown University, American University, AAAS and RAND Corporation (in USA), Groningen University (the Netherlands), the World Bank Institute (Hungary) and others. Currently she is a Fulbright Scholar at the Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (USA), where she is conducting research on issues of U.S. technical assistance to Ukraine. As an economist, demographer, and sociologist, Lakiza-Sachuk has worked on numerous international projects, including for the World Bank, USAID, UNDP, IOM, ILO, the Soros Foundation, and IREX. She provides expert consultations on a regular basis to the Cabinet of Ministries and Verhovna Rada of Ukraine, as well as to other national and international organizations within Ukraine and abroad.
Victor Nikolaevich Melnikov* is deputy chairman and a member of the Board of Governors of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. Previously he was deputy secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation (1998) and also served as the vice president and member of the Board of Governors of the Joint Stock Commercial Bank "Tokobank" in Moscow (1996-1998). For the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, he served as director of the Department for Foreign Exchange Regulation and Foreign Exchange Control (1996) and head of the General Department for Foreign Exchange Regulation and Foreign Exchange Control (1993-1996). Melnikov also served as head of the Foreign Exchange Control Inspection of Russia (1992); head of the Foreign Economic Affairs Division in the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR (1991-1992); first deputy head of the General Economic Division of the State Foreign Economy Commission in the Council of Ministries of the USSR (1988-1991); and the head of unit for the State Planning Committee of the USSR (1983-1988).
Melnikov spent much of his early career as a senior analyst in the Scientific Research Institute at the Ministry of Foreign Trade of the USSR. He graduated from the High Technical College named after N.E. Bauman and earned his Ph.D. in economics from the Academy of Foreign Trade.
PLEASE NOTE: Because of a conflict that arose shortly before the workshop, Victor Melnikov was unable to attend. He sent in his place Alexandra Slobodova, Head of the Unit, Department for Foreign Exchange Regulation and Control, Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
Gonzalo Rivas was executive vice president of CORFO, the Chilean economic development agency of Chile, from 1997 to 2003. An economist from the University of Chile, he served as president of ALIDE (The Latin American Association of Economic Development Banks) from 2000 to 2003, and of INTEC (a Chilean Technological Institute), as well as a member of the Council of Fundación Chile. His previous experience includes work in the Ministry of Economy, ECLAC, the Chilean Embassy, the United Nations (as senior assistant of the chairman of the preparatory committee for the Social Development Summit), and as a consultant for IADB, the World Bank, and the ILO.
Rivas currently works as a consultant, particularly in the fields of public policy and institutional design, where he concentrates on promoting technological innovation and small and medium enterprise development.
Ibrahim Fawzy was Minister of Industry and Mineral Wealth of Egypt in the 1990s and later assumed the responsibility of Chairman and CEO of the General Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI). Prior to that, as deputy director of the Development Research and Technological Planning Center (DRTPC), he managed the joint technology adaptation programme between the University of Cairo and MIT in Boston.
A mechanical engineer with a bachelor of science in mechanical engineering from the University of Cairo and a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from University College London, Fawzy holds numerous high-level decorations and has published many books and papers in the field of engineering mechanics. In his early career, he lectured at the Mechanical Design and Production Department of the University of Cairo and served as visiting professor at University College London before becoming assistant professor at the University of Cairo. Since 1981 he has been professor in the Department of Engineering. He also provides consultancy advice for numerous industrial and investment projects for public and private organizations on the national and international level.
Lloyd (Jeff) Dumas is professor of political economy and economics in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Texas (Dallas). Trained both as an economist and an engineer, Dumas= areas of expertise include economic transition and economic development; the economics of military spending; human fallibility, terrorism and technological disaster; and macro economic theory. Dumas has published more than 100 works in 11 languages in books and journals of economics, engineering, sociology, history, public policy, military studies and peace science -- including such well-known publications as The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, International Herald Tribune, Science magazine, Boston Globe, Technology Review, Defense News, and the Dallas Morning News. His sixth book, Lethal Arrogance: Human Fallibility and Dangerous Technologies, was published by Palgrave in 1999. He has addressed the United Nations, testified at city, state, and federal government hearings, and discussed the policy implications of his work on more than 200 TV and radio programs in the United States, the former Soviet Union, Canada, Europe, Latin America, and the Pacific.
From 1991-93, Dumas was Vice Chair of the Governor's Taskforce on Economic Transition of the State of Texas. From 1994-1996, he was consultant to the Los Alamos National Laboratories on expanding civilian R&D activities at the Labs. In 1999, he co-organized (with Dr. Ali Mazrui), an International Conference on Peacekeeping, Development, and Demilitarization in Africa, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation and the U.S. Institute of Peace. Dumas attended Columbia College (B.A., Mathematics, 1967), the School of Engineering and Applied Science (M.S., Industrial Engineering, 1968), and the Graduate Faculties (Ph.D., Economics, 1972), all divisions of Columbia University. He taught economics for three years at City University of New York and engineering for six years at Columbia University before joining the faculty of Social Sciences at UTD in 1979.
Janine R. Wedel is associate professor in the School of Public Policy at George Mason University. Her research focuses on the roles of non-state actors in the work of states and international organizations, as well as the roles of informal groups and networks in shaping patterns of corruption, governance society, development, and foreign aid. She won the 2001 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order (whose previous recipients include Mikhail Gorbachev and Samuel Huntington) for her latest book, Collision and Collusion: The Strange Case of Western Aid to Eastern Europe.
Wedel is a three-time Fulbright fellow and recipient of awards from the National Science Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the United States Institute of Peace, the Eurasia Foundation, the National Council for Eurasian and East European Research, the National Institute of Justice, and others. She has studied Eastern Europe's evolving economic and social order for more than 20 years, conducted eight years of fieldwork in the region, and published three books. They are: The Private Poland: An Anthropologist Looks at Everyday Life (1986); The Unplanned Society (Columbia University Press, 1992); and the prize-winning Collision and Collusion (second edition: Palgrave 2001). As a policy-analyst anthropologist with a Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley, Wedel has contributed U.S. Congressional testimony and written for The New York Times, the Wall Street Journal Europe, The Nation, The National Interest, the Los Angeles Times, the Washington Times, the Christian Science Monitor, the Boston Globe, and many scholarly and policy journals.
Sylvette Cormeraie is senior research fellow in the School of Social Sciences at the University of Sussex. She has published many articles and chapters in scholarly volumes on intercultural conflict and its educational implications, language, culture and power, post-colonial cultural dynamics, race, and prejudice. A board member of several international educational associations (EAIE, EDIW, LAUD, GERAS), she was chair of the International Association for Language and Intercultural Communication from 1999 to 2002. She is a member of the editorial board of the Journal for Language and Intercultural Communication.
Cormeraie was educated at the University of Bordeaux and trained in philosophy, literature, sociology, and socio-linguistics. Her research focuses on the politics of language and power and on the social and psychological dynamics of conflict in cross-cultural negotiations. Born in Vietnam, she has worked in the Diplomatic Service in London and at the Universities of Bordeaux, Warwick, and Sussex. She served for many years as director of the Centre for Languages at Sussex, where she developed links for academic mobility with Russia, France, Spain, Italy, Germany, and Hungary and designed interdisciplinary specialist programs in intercultural education for an interdependent world. Most recently, Cormeraie has worked on the patterns of cultural transformation emergent in global business interactions and their implications. Working as a consultant with global business organisations facing major geopolitical shifts and ensuing cross-cultural conflicts, she has helped to raise awareness of the power of cultural blindness and prejudice as a major source of failure.
Yves Dezalay is director of research at C.N.R.S. (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and an affiliated scholar of the American Bar Foundation. There he has been working for the past 15 years with Bryant Garth on the emergence of an international legal field and the restructuring of state and political elites, with particular attention to topics such as international commercial arbitration, trade disputes, and human rights networks. Most of his previous research dealt with the transformations of the field of corporate professionals -- primarily lawyers, but also accountants and consultants. The focus was on interdisciplinary and international competition as both the rationale and the instrument of these transformations.
In addition to more than 90 papers, chapters in collective volumes, and articles in academic journals, Dezalay has written three books: Les Marchands de Droit, Paris: Fayard, 1992; Dealing with Virtue: International Commercial Arbitration and the Emergence of an International Legal Order (with B. Garth), University of Chicago Press, 1996; The Internationalization of Palace Wars: Lawyers, Economists and the Contest for Latin American States (with B. Garth), University of Chicago Press, 2002. He also has edited three volumes: Batailles Territoriales ou Rivalités de Cousinage: Juristes et Comptables sur le Marché Européen du Conseil aux Entreprises, Paris: L.G.D.J., 1994; Professional Competition and Professional Power, Lawyers, Accountants and the Social Construction of Markets (with D. Sugarman), UK: Routledge, 1995; and Global Prescriptions: The Production, Exportation, and Importation of a New Legal Orthodoxy (with B. Garth), University of Michigan Press, 2002.
Bryant Garth is director of the American Bar Foundation and distinguished scholar at the Institute for Legal Studies of the University of Wisconsin‑Madison Law School. Prior to coming to the ABF in 1990, he was dean of Indiana University School of Law‑Bloomington. His degrees are from Yale (1972), Stanford Law School (1975), and the European University Institute in Florence (Ph.D., 1979). His recent research has concentrated on globalization as a process of importing and exporting ideas and institutions, especially those connected to the law ‑‑ with consequences varying according to the structures of national power.
With Yves Dezalay, Garth co-authored Dealing in Virtue: International Commercial Arbitration and the Construction of an International Legal Order (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1996), The Internationalization of Palace Wars: Lawyers, Economists and the Contest to Transform Latin American States (University of Chicago Press, 2002) and an edited volume entitled Global Prescriptions: The Production, Exportation, and Importation of a New Legal Orthodoxy (University of Michigan Press, 2002). Other recent edited books are Dispute Resolution Ethics: A Comprehensive Guide (American Bar Association, 2002) and Looking Back at Law=s Century (A. Sarat, R. Kagan, and B. Garth, eds., Cornell University Press, 2002). Garth's current research focuses on three topics: the global transformation of the field of business and legal advice, focusing on professional service firms; the changing role of law and lawyers in Asia, especially South Asia; and a longitudinal study of lawyer careers that will cover law graduates beginning with the class of 2000.
John Harper is senior research fellow in cross-cultural organization at the University of Sussex. He combines teaching cross-cultural management to international business leaders and students with consultancy, in which he specializes in culture change and developing learning organizations. After studying social policy and applied social studies, he worked in the field of public policy concerned with crime and delinquency, first as a professional practitioner and later, at the University of Sussex as an academic. His professional activities led him to study, at close quarters, different methods for penal reform across Europe, including Sweden, Norway, Finland, Poland and France, and to publish articles for practitioners in the field. Harper=s work in this area drew him into the field of cross-cultural social psychology and in particular to investigating the relationship between national and corporate business culture.
In his most recent work, Harper has used ethnographic approaches to gain access to large corporations where problems arise due to failure to deal with differences following a merger or acquisition involving companies from different cultural contexts. He has published some of his analysis as case studies in scholarly and professional journals.
Manuel Montes (Butch) is Program Officer for International Economic Policy for the Ford Foundation in New York. Previously he served as Coordinator of Economics Studies and Senior Fellow at the East-West Center in Honolulu, Hawai=i. He was Co-Director of the AShort-Term Capital Flows and Balance of Payments Crises@ project for the United Nations University/World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU/WIDER) in Helsinki, Finland in 1996-97 and visiting Senior Fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore in 1997-98. From 1984 to 1991 Montes held the Central Bank Money and Banking Chair at the University of the Philippines.
Montes has written on balance of payments crises and development policy, particularly in the Philippines, Viet Nam, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Indonesia. His most recent books are Poverty, Income Distribution and Well-Being in Asia During the Transition (Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, with Aiguo Lu), Short-Term Capital Flows and Balance of Payments Crises (London: Oxford University Press, 2001, with Stephany Griffith-Jones and Anwar Nasution), The Asian Crisis Turns Global (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, with Vladimir V. Popov), and The Currency Crisis in Southeast Asia: Updated Edition (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1998). He obtained his doctorate degree in economics from Stanford University.